Mental health articles

OF mental health care and mentally ill

epidemiology

mental health epidemiology definition

mental health epidemiology definition The prevalence of mental disorders in children and adolescents is not as well documented as it is for the adult population. According to previous research and depending on diagnostic criteria, 10–20 percent of children and adolescents are estimated to have clinically significant mental disorders with at least mild functional impairment . […]

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Epidemiology and Demographics of Hypochondriasis

Although there are no prevalence figures for hypochondriasis in the general population, its prevalence in a medical practice, it has been estimated, ranges from 4 to 9% (APA, 1994). It has been estimated that from 60 to 80% of the normal population will experience, on average, at least one physical symptom in a given week. […]

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Epidemiology and Demographics of Conversion Disorder

Epidemiology and Demographics of Conversion Disorder   Because of the almost ephemeral nature of conversion and the differences in defining the term, the reported prevalence of conversion disorder fluctuates from rareto ubiquitous. Prevalence rates for conversion vary as a function of clinical setting. Guze et al. found that 24% of 500 psychiatric outpatients had a […]

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Epidemiology and Demographics of Somatization Disorder

The estimated prevalence of somatization ranges from relatively uncommon. It has been estimated that 20 to 84% of patients seen by primary care physicians suffer from idiopathic somatic complaints. The prevalence of somatization tends to be higher in primary care facilities than in psychiatric facilities. Several studies have examined prevalence rates of somatization disorder in […]

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Epidemiology of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder(PTSD)

Epidemiology Epidemiology is the study of patterns and correlates of disease onset and course in human populations. Psychiatric epidemiology includes studies of the prevalence of psychiatric disorders (i.e, how many people have specific disorders), the distribution of disorders among subgroups of populations, the relationship of a particular disorder to other disorders, and factors that affect […]

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obsessive compulsive disorder epidemiology

obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) Epidemiology The now well-known Epidemiological Catchment Area (ECA) survey conducted during the early 1980s indicated lifetime prevalence rates for OCD of 1.9 to 3.3% in five U.S. communities and an overall rate of 2.5%. These rates were much higher than any previous estimates and were conf irmed by similar epidemiological, albeit […]

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specific phobias Clinical Features: Epidemiology

specific phobias Clinical Features: Epidemiology Mild fears of specific objects or situations are extremely common in the general population. Fears that are considered clinically severe are still relatively common compared to the other anxiety disorders. The National Comorbidity survey found a lifetime prevalence for specific phobias of approximately 11% in adults and the 6-month prevalence […]

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social phobia clinical features of Epidemiology

Social anxiety and reports of shyness in general populations are particularly common; they occur in around 40% of college students. In addition, social anxiety is a common accompaniment of all of the anxiety disorders. Based on DSM-III-R criteria, social phobia has a lifetime prevalence of 13.3% in the general adult population and a point prevalence […]

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Epidemiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder

While there are striking similarities between the phenomenology of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in children and adults, significant differences exist in terms of gender distribution, co-morbidity, familial contribution and developmental issues. Epidemiology Roughly a third of adults have their first symptoms before the age of 15. Earlier estimates of OCD from child psychiatric clinics range from […]

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Epidemiology of depression in the elderly

Epidemiology of depression Although there have been many attempts to examine the existence of depression in older people, accurate estimates of the prevalence of depression can be problematic due to the use of different instruments and the focus on different types of depression. Beekman et al. review of studies into the prevalence of depression in […]

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