Mental health articles

OF mental health care and mentally ill

May, 2016

Parenting capacity for infant

Parenting capacity Parenting capacity can be briefly summarised as the capacity to recognise and meet the infant’s changing physical, social and emotional needs in a developmentally appropriate way, and to accept responsibility for this. It is determined by: • parental factors (and the infant–parent relationship) • infant factors (and the infant–parent relationship) • contextual sources […]

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Consequences of maltreatment for infant

Infants and children who have been abused or neglected may have developed physical, emotional and behavioural consequences of that maltreatment. These characteristics and behaviours may make caring for them more difficult. For example, traumatised infants may continue to show avoidant or disruptive behaviour even when placed in safe fostering environments. Infants with brain damage after […]

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Definitions of infant developmental risk

Risk can be defined as the probability of an event occurring, including the consideration of the losses and gains associated with it. In this context (infant development and child protection) it is not free of moral and emotional overtones. There is a high degree of uncertainty in prediction of risk in childprotection matters and inevitably […]

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Infant developmental assessment

Infant developmental assessment Developmental assessment can be included, when appropriate, as part of the therapeutic intervention. There are many different kinds of developmental assessment undertaken, depending on the purpose of the assessment, the clinician’s skills and abilities, and the family’s needs and concerns. Involving parents in the assessment process can provide them with useful information […]

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Assessment of infant–parent interaction

Assessment of infant–parent interaction Even in a brief interview with a family, many useful observations can be made that provide information about the ‘quality’ of the interaction and relationship. Relationship factors The interaction between parent and infant and, where possible, between the parents while they are with the baby, needs to be observed. This provides […]

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intervention for children with attachment disorders

The central principles of intervention for children with attachment disorders are based on the need to allow these children to develop an alternative, more secure, attachment relationship to their current carer, a clinician or therapeutic setting. Any attempt to do this should only proceed if the child’s current safety is assured and if there has […]

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Application to attachment disorders

Application to attachment disorders Where an attachment disorder is evident, specialist intervention is required from an experienced clinician. There is relatively scant evidence on effective treatment for established attachment disorders. Issues of intervention are frequently raised in situations where children with adverse early attachment experiences are placed with alternative carers and continue to have difficulties […]

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Application to infant–parent interventions

Application to infant–parent interventions Attachment theory grew and developed out of ideas and observations arising from both the internal world (psychoanalytic theory) and what can be observed and measured (developmental psychology, ethology). Similarly, infant–parent therapies can be understood as working across both the domains of observed behaviours and interactions between infant and parent, and their […]

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Disrupted attachment disorder

Disrupted attachment disorder An additional group known as ‘disrupted attachment disorder’ refers to cases in which the child experiences the sudden loss of an attachment figure such as following death or acute separation. The child may show features of mourning, anger and rage, and be clingy towards the alternative caregiver. From Mental health articles, post […]

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Secure base distortions

Secure base distortions In this group of disorders children have developed a clear preference for a particular attachment figure but the quality of the relationship is disturbed. Four types are described by Zeanah et al. (2000): 1 Attachment disorder (AD) with self-endangerment—In this condition the infant prioritises exploration and does not check with the attachment […]

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