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phobia

phobia definition and symptoms

phobia definition and symptoms A phobia is an irrational fear of the danger posed by an object or situation. The person will avoid the object or the situation. Phobias can be restrictive and disrupt a person’s life. The person might be afraid of open spaces (agoraphobia), heights, animals or injections, for instance. Social phobia is […]

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Advising a person with a phobia

Advising a person with a phobia A phobia is when a person experiences fear, often panic attacks, in specific situations and begins to avoid them. • Teach people with phobias that the way of overcoming their fear is to expose themselves to the situation until the fear subsides. In this way they can become confident […]

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treatment for specific phobia

There is widespread agreement that the treatment of choice for phobic fear and avoidance is in vivo exposure. Some evidence has even suggested that excellent gains can be achieved through a single session of intensive exposure. Some attempts have been made to match the reported mode of acquisition or individual differences to specific types of […]

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social phobia gene treatment

Although a considerable literature suggests that beta-blockers are effective in reducing performance anxiety that is related to social anxiety, these results have generally been observed in subjects without extreme levels of performance anxiety. Furthermore, any significant results are confined to performance involving motor activity, which suggests that beta-blockers may work mainly for nonclinical subjects by […]

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Social Phobia Treatment Psychological Techniques

A number of studies demonstrated the value of cognitive behavioral treatment packages for reducing social phobia, compared with wait list and with a credible placebo treatment. In addition, follow-up assessment indicated that in most studies continued improvement is seen following the end of treatment. In terms of specific techniques, in vivo exposure is generally considered […]

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Biological factors of social phobia

Research into central biochemical factors associated with social phobia has not been as extensive as that for panic disorder, and many studies provided mixed findings. The most consistent results implicated serotonin in the pathogenesis of social phobia. The most obvious evidence came from treatment with serotoninreducing agents. However, because many of these drugs also affect […]

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Psychological factors of social phobia

Several models of social phobia have argued that the central problem in social phobia is the belief by individuals that they cannot measure up to the audiences’ expectations of them. As a result, individuals believe that audiences will evaluate them negatively, despite the fact that people with social phobia do not hold unrealistic expectations for […]

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family factors of social phobia

Parental factors have been suggested as potentially important in producing social anxiety. In an early study, Parker found that social phobics perceived their parents as overprotective and low in emotional support compared to a nonanxious control group. Several studies have now replicated these results. Further, in some research, social phobics report that their parents isolated […]

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genetic factors social phobia

genetic factors social phobia As for the other anxiety disorders, family studies showed a higher concordance for social phobia among the f irst-degree relatives of people with the disorder. In contrast, twin studies typically demonstrated that most of the genetic variance is consistent with the importance of a general neurotic syndrome. However, there has also […]

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Behavioral Features of social phobia

By definition, social phobics fear or avoid situations in which scrutiny by others is possible. The more common situations include parties, meeting members of the opposite sex, public speaking, lecture halls, using the telephone, and public transport. In addition, there is a subgroup of social phobics who fear specific activities such as eating, drinking, or […]

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