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infant

Issues for infants and children in foster-care

Issues for infants and children in foster-care There are many issues for babies and toddlers who enter the care of the welfare system, which are often unrecognised by the system, the carers or the community at large. They often experience three to four placements in their experience of care, which is the antithesis of what […]

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Interventions for high–risk infants and parents

Interventions for high–risk infants and parents Once a family has been identified as having high risks, very often there are many services asked to be involved, including mental health consultants. Lieberman (1998) suggests there are three goals for the infant mental health consultant: • to identify the developmental, psychological and relationship-based factors affecting the child […]

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Effect of high-risk environments on infant mental health

Effect of high-risk environments on infant mental health Babies and infants in high-risk environments are at risk of forming disturbed attachments with their primary caregivers because of the unavailability of a consistently nurturing parent. Infants with insecure and disorganised attachments struggle to develop emotional self-regulation, as it is within a secure attachment that the neural […]

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What makes an environment high risk for an infant?

What makes an environment high risk for an infant? High-risk environments for infants are usually multifaceted, with, for example, psychological risks compounding or contributing to social risk or disadvantage. Extreme risk in one area is possible. Such environments include interacting risks in the biological, psychological and social domains, for example, an absence of parental empathy […]

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Effect of perinatal mental illness on the infant and family

Effect of perinatal mental illness on the infant and family As has been discussed in earlier chapters, the infant is extremely dependent on the sensitivity and responsiveness of her primary caregivers. Depression and/or significant social or personal adversity interferes with social functioning and emotional availability, and may make parents less contingent and sensitive in interaction […]

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Regulatory disorders of infants

Regulatory disorders Regulatory disorders are characterised by the infant’s difficulties in regulating behaviour and physiological, sensory, attentional, motor or affective processes, and in organising a calm, alert or affectively positive state. Common difficulties involve feeding, sleeping and emotional control; for example, a toddler may be fearful or anxious. Parents may be concerned that their child […]

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Infant devlopmental guidance in the first year

Infant devlopmental guidance in the first year Newborn Wrapping, snuggling in mother’s arms, ‘wearing’ in a sling or patting may assist transition from REM to NREM sleep. A degree of maturity is needed before an infant can develop self-comforting means (such as sucking hands) to assist frequent transitions between REM and NREM sleep. One month […]

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Infant developmental guidance

Developmental guidance Supporting parents in the early weeks and months of their infant’s life with education and guidance may prevent or solve some sleep onset and night-waking problems. Clinicians may be able to assist parents to enable their babies to develop their own self-regulatory capacities around going to sleep by: • giving information about the […]

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Adjustment disorders of infant

Adjustment disorders An adjustment disorder is where there is a temporary reaction in the infant lasting days or weeks but no longer than four months, and a clearly identifiable environmental event such as the mother returning to work or the family moving house. Well-established sleep patterns can be disturbed as a consequence of change in […]

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Sleep problems of infant

Sleep problems of infant Sleep problems present in a number of ways. There are babies who find it difficult to settle to sleep, those who settle but wake and cannot get back to sleep alone and always require intervention, and there are babies who wake for long periods. When parents present with a sleep problem […]

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