Mental health articles

OF mental health care and mentally ill

symptoms

Withdrawal symptoms in a newborn

Withdrawal symptoms in a newborn Withdrawal symptoms in a newborn are common with opiates, including methadone use, and include high-pitched cry, irritability, hypertonicity and hyperflexia. Cocaine use has been associated with neonatal irritability, nasal snuffiness, jitteriness, tremor, fever, diarrhoea, vomiting, fist sucking, yawning and tachycardia. Substance-abusing mothers are more likely to have an infant with […]

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childhood trauma symptoms

childhood trauma symptoms Childhood traumas are common in the history of substance-abusing women who may also have role models of neglect and substance misuse. A dysfunctional family of origin, poor parenting role modelling and availability, and physical abuse are frequent, and may contribute to ongoing difficulties in forming trusting relationships and in parenting. From Mental […]

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symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder

symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder Borderline personality disorder has many features in common with Post- Traumatic Stress Disorder as these are described in the DSM-IV (APA, 1994). Individuals who have experienced early abuse may be continue to be distressed by these events into adult life and experience reliving of these episodes in the form of […]

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baby blues are transient symptoms

The ‘baby blues’ are common, transient symptoms occurring in 50–80 per cent of new mothers (Cooper & Murray, 1995). Symptoms include: mood swings from sadness to elation, with tears likely either way; increased sensitivity; irritability, exhaustion and a variety of aches and pains. Some experts believe that if the predominant mood is positive, the ‘blues’ […]

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attachment disorder symptoms in children

attachment disorder symptoms in children Attachment disorders are seen as generalised difficulties in relationships that may emerge from disturbed interactional patterns in the child’s primary caretaking experiences. In other words, the patterns observed reflect the infant’s current issues with attachment relationships and the way in which past relationship experiences have influenced current relationship models. Attachment […]

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cluster c personality disorder symptoms

cluster c personality disorder symptoms Cluster C entails pervasive anxiety and fear. Th is cluster is the most ambiguous of the three because it overlaps with Axis I diagnoses, especially anxiety, mood, eating, and somatoform disorders (Dolan-Sewell et al., 2001). Th e “central features of timidity, persistent tension, proneness to anxiety, dependence, lack of confi […]

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schizoid personality disorder symptoms side effects

schizoid personality disorder symptoms side effects Schizoid personality disorder (SdPD) is seen as an ego-syntonic introversion, with the suff erer having little interest in others, no close friends except fi rst-degree relatives, and no pleasure in anything except for a few activities (Parnas et al., 2005). SdPD is characterized as “a pervasive pattern of detachment […]

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cluster a personality disorders symptoms

cluster a personality disorders symptoms Cluster A includes paranoid, schizoid, and schizotypal personality disorders, which are characterized by odd and eccentric behavior, odd patterns of aff ect and cognitions, and interpersonal isolation. Some researchers see a possible symptomatic and genetic relationship to schizophrenia (Livesley, 1995; Magnavita, 2004; Parnas, Licht, & Bovet, 2005). Th us, Cluster […]

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avoidance behavior symptoms

avoidance behavior symptoms You don’t have to be a behavior therapist to recognize the clinical signifi cance of maladaptive behaviors. And of all the maladaptive patterns of anxious and depressed students, perhaps the most widespread is avoidance. Anxious students shy away from confronting specifi c objects or situations (as seen with simple phobias and PTSD), […]

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adhd symptoms and behaviors

Th ere is much current controversy about the diagnosis and management of ADHD. Some reports indicate that this syndrome is being overdiagnosed and that treatment is being too quickly provided to young people, while others claim that ADHD is rather common and oft en missed and untreated or undertreated (Belkin, 2004; Elia, Ambrosini, & Rapoport, […]

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