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personality

Types of personality dysfunction

Types of personality dysfunction Characteristic aspects of personality dysfunction are grouped into types of personality disorder. The symptoms of different personality disorders listed in systems, such as the DSM-IV (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 1994), describe behaviours used by individuals to manage or control severe anxieties. The personality disorders are grouped into three clusters based on […]

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personality dysfunction disorder

personality dysfunction disorder Personality dysfunction occurs in adults when there has been a disruption to personality development. This has its origin in the early years during crucial periods of personality development, and becomes ingrained as a chronically maladaptive style during adolescence. Personality dysfunction frequently involves disturbed self-experiences, disturbed interpersonal behaviour and maladaptive coping mechanisms. Current […]

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Influences on personality development

Influences on personality development As we have seen in earlier chapters, most theories agree that psychological and social experiences in infancy and early childhood are foundational. These experiences, particularly the quality of emotional care an infant receives and infant biological predisposition, are the basis for the individual’s mode of psychological functioning. Infancy is seen as […]

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Personality Trait of Somatization Disorder

Personality Trait of Somatization Disorder Personality characteristics, like the tendency to amplify bodily sensations, to focus excessively on physical symptoms, and to misinterpret physical symptoms may predispose individuals to somatization. Somatization may also reflect a form of ‘‘neuroticism’’. Somatizers score high on measures of neuroticism such as self-consciousness, vulnerability to stress, low self-esteem, anxiety, depression, […]

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interpersonal diagnosis of personality

McLemore and Benjamin proposed an interpersonal behavior taxonomy, based on their contention that useful aspects of psychiatric diagnostic schemata are psychosocial and that most diagnoses of ‘‘functional mental disorders’’ are made on the basis of observed interpersonal behavior. Interpersonal is described as what ‘‘one person does, overtly or covertly, in relation to another person who, […]

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Sleep disturbance or nightmares about personality disorder

 These are common problems often experienced by people with personality disorder. The night-time can be a very difficult period when left with no distractions: alone with their thoughts, the patient may often find themselves desperate for morning. Yet when it arrives they are so tired as a result of their nocturnal ruminations that they are […]

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Dependence about personality disorder

This can often be heard as an excuse used to avoid offering help to people with personality disorder. Some health care professionals may fear offering services in case it promotes dependence. While dependence can be a genuine problem at times, it is a necessary part of the healing process. Dependence can best be viewed as […]

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anger can be a problem for personality disorder

This can be a huge problem for those with personality disorder. Both overexpression or under-expression can be the problem for this group of clients. Both can occur in the same person at the same time. Those with personality disorder often have a heightened sense of injustice and will often be the first to respond if […]

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Mood instability about personality disorder

This is a chronic problem for people with personality disorder. Relatively small things can have huge consequences. This causes further problems for the person who cannot explain their emotions in terms of an understandable response to circumstances. This leads to one of the most difficult presentations seen in personality disorder: ‘exaggerations and untruths’. People with […]

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Self-harm about personality disorder

This symptom is so common among those with personality disorder that to some health care professionals it has become almost diagnostic of personality disorder. This is a dangerous simplification for, although it is true that many people who have personality disorder do self-harm, there are many people who self-harm that do not have a personality […]

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