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somatization

somatization disorder treatment guidelines

Prognosis and Treatment of Somatization Disorder Somatization disorder is a condition with a poor prognosis. The disorder runs a fluctuating course with periodic exacerbations during stressful episodes, but as noted earlier, somatization disorder is not associated with a higher mortality rate than that of the general population. Briquet stated that hysteria was one of the […]

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Somatization and Associated Psychopathology

Somatization and Associated Psychopathology Given the heterogeneous nature of somatization disorder, the process of somatization is associated with a spectrum of affective, personality, and thought disorders. In a large community study (N = 11,519), 24.6% of respondents experienced the co-occurrence of somatization disorder and depression. From this same study, individuals with somatization disorder also had […]

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Sociocultural of Somatization Disorder

Sociocultural of Somatization Disorder Sociocultural aspects of somatization have received considerable attention. As noted earlier, somatization is a worldwide phenomenon. Sociocultural aspects of somatization may really reflect differences in the way individuals somatize rather than psychologize their distress as a coping response. In other cultures, the distinction between body and mind is usually not made. […]

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Personality Trait of Somatization Disorder

Personality Trait of Somatization Disorder Personality characteristics, like the tendency to amplify bodily sensations, to focus excessively on physical symptoms, and to misinterpret physical symptoms may predispose individuals to somatization. Somatization may also reflect a form of ‘‘neuroticism’’. Somatizers score high on measures of neuroticism such as self-consciousness, vulnerability to stress, low self-esteem, anxiety, depression, […]

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Psychodynamic of Somatization Disorder

Psychoanalysts view somatization as a form of symbolic communication, defense mechanism, and conflict resolution. Somatization is a process whereby the body translates mental stress into physical expressions that have symbolic value. The process of somatization also represents primitive defense mechanisms, like denial and repression, against undesirable wishes or urges. Finally, as a means to resolve […]

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Etiological Formulations of Somatization Disorder

Somatizers are a physically and psychiatrically heterogeneous group. The diversity in the clinical manifestations of somatizers suggests multifactorial etiology. Dominant etiological factors in one patient may be f leeting or minor in another patient. The predisposing factors in somatization disorder are likely to include genetic, neuropsychological, neurophysiological, and psychophysiological, developmental learning, personality trait, and sociocultural […]

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Epidemiology and Demographics of Somatization Disorder

The estimated prevalence of somatization ranges from relatively uncommon. It has been estimated that 20 to 84% of patients seen by primary care physicians suffer from idiopathic somatic complaints. The prevalence of somatization tends to be higher in primary care facilities than in psychiatric facilities. Several studies have examined prevalence rates of somatization disorder in […]

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Clinical symptoms of Somatization Disorder

A somatizing patient may present with many symptoms referred to any body part or organ system, and these symptoms may indicate any type of disease entity, but none of the physical symptoms of somatization disorder are pathognomonic. The clinician working with somatizers needs to be aware that multiple physical symptoms, in and of themselves, do […]

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somatization disorder diagnostic criteria

Somatization Disorder Diagnosis As a diagnostic entity, somatization disorder is a fairly recent addition to the DSM nomenclature and was intended as a simplified version of Briquet’s syndrome. Somatization disorder was officially recognized in DSM-III and was also included in DSM-III-R with some minor changes. Before DSM-III, the criteria for Briquet’s syndrome required at least […]

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definition of somatization disorder

Broadly defined, somatization disorder is a term that covers a broad range of physical symptoms that occur in the absence of organic pathology or the amplification of bodily sensations that accompany physical conditions beyond those that can be explained by organic pathology. Somatization has also been defined as a bodily or somatic expression of psychic […]

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