Mental health articles

OF mental health care and mentally ill

February, 2013

Biochemical mechanisms of anorexia and bulimia

Biochemical mechanisms The main brain area involved in the regulation of appetite is the hypothalamus, although other brain areas and factors in the gut also infl uence hunger and satiety. The lateral hypothalamus produces hunger when stimulated; surgical damage results in dramatic reductions in food intake and weight loss. Activation of the ventromedial hypothalamus triggers […]

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Genetic factors of anorexia and bulimia

Genetic factors Genetic factors may contribute to risk for both anorexia and bulimia. Klump et al., for example, estimated 74 per cent of the variance in anorexic behaviours to be attributable to genetic factors, following a twin study in which they found 50 per cent of MZ twins and no DZ twins to be concordant […]

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DSM criteria for bulimia

The DSM-IV-TR criteria for bulimia nervosa are: recurrent episodes of binge eating recurrent inappropriate compensatory behaviour, such as vomiting after eating, in order to prevent weight gain compensatory behaviours occur, on average, at least twice a week for three months undue influence of weight or shape on self-evaluation. Many people with bulimia feel unattractive, have […]

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Anorexia nervosa medical definition and diagnosis

Anorexia nervosa First identified in the late nineteenth century, anorexia nervosa involves behaviours intended to keep the individual as thin as possible. Indeed, the defining characteristic of anorexia is being signifi cantly underweight. DSM-IV-TR suggested a weight-based cut-off point for a diagnosis of anorexia as being 15 per cent below the normal weight for age […]

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Treatments for psychopathic personality

Treatment of psychopathy Psychopathic individuals do not seek treatment, and most interventions occur within prison or other custodial settings. As a result of their lack of motivation to change, psychopathy has often been considered an untreatable condition, although there have been some voices of dissent from this somewhat negative viewpoint. Of interest are three review […]

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Anti social personality disorder treatment

Treatment of antisocial personality Psychological interventions Interventions to reduce antisocial behaviour have focused almost exclusively on young people within the criminal system – fortuitously perhaps, as attempts at change in older people may prove more diffi cult (Davidson et al. 2008). As such, they may be better considered as programmes designed to change criminal behaviour […]

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changing negative thoughts to positive ones

How to change your negative thinking Remember, it’s the depression speaking! Often, our thoughts in depression are actually a symptom of the depression: it is therefore like the depression speaking to us, rather than a thought that arises from within us or one that is unique to us. This form of generic thinking in depression, […]

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Feelings of shame and guilt

Guilt and shame: these two emotions are quite closely connected: “I shouldn’t be like this, I have let everybody down”; “I must have done something wrong”; “I ought to have done better”; “I am no good.” Guilt usually involves a judgement of our self, often set against almost impossible standards of perfection, or a belief […]

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Traumatic events and depression

Traumatic sources of depression Sometimes the onset of the depression can be traced back to shortly after a trauma, or a traumatic period, in one’s life. This can often result in depression especially if the trauma has not been worked with or resolved in some effective way. Depression here can be seen as a symptom […]

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Family life during the depression

arental or family sources of depression Some people have been seriously depressed for most of their lives. Sometimes this can be traced back to the early loss of a parent, or a family disaster, or it can be traced to the fact that their main caregiving parent(s) were themselves seriously depressed, so they “learnt” to […]

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