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DSM-IV PTSD Diagnostic Criteria

Current Diagnostic Criteria for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder With the publication of the 4th edition of the DSM, the concept of trauma evolved from focusing on uncommon, highly adverse, external events to describing the specific characteristics of a traumatic event, including the individual’s psychological response to the event regardless of whether the event is rare or […]

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The DSM-III/III-R definitions of trauma

Traumatic Experiences In the field of mental health, the word ‘‘trauma’’ generally connotes a wide range of intensely stressful experiences that involve exposure to levels of danger and fear that exceed normal capacity to cope. In the DSM-III and DSM-III-R, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) defined trauma as an event that is ‘‘outside the range […]

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dsm diagnosis for social phobia

social phobia diagnosis Social phobia was first identified in the DSM system with the publication of DSM-III, although it had been described clinically by a number of authors well before this time. Social phobia is described as a fear and/or avoidance of situations involving the possibility of scrutiny by others. It is diagnosed reliably and […]

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panic disorder diagnosis dsm iv

panic disorder diagnosis dsm iv Diagnosis In its original conceptualization, agoraphobia was seen as a fear of external situations such as a marketplace. Consequently, much attention has been focused on the phobic (behavioral) aspects of agoraphobia over the years. Before the publication of DSM-III, panic attacks were largely ignored, although panic disorder existed under a […]

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generalized anxiety disorder symptoms dsm iv

generalized anxiety disorder Clinical Features Epidemiology.Probably because of the ‘‘normality’’ of Generalized Anxiety Disorder, it is difficult to obtain estimates of its prevalence and incidence because such estimates are likely to be very dependent on minor definitional differences. Nevertheless, several studies in recent years have indicated that Generalized Anxiety Disorder is one of the more […]

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generalized anxiety disorder diagnosis dsm

Generalized Anxiety Disorder Diagnosis In many ways, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) can be considered the basic anxiety disorder. It can be thought of almost as an expression of ‘‘pure’’ high trait anxiety. By definition, GAD is not characterized primarily by a focus on any specific situation or object. Rather, the central characteristic of GAD is […]

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dsm-iv diagnosis example

In DSM-IV, the criteria set for schizoaffective disorder ‘‘has been changed to focus on an uninterrupted episode of illness rather than on the lifetime pattern of symptoms’’. Obviously, there are significant differences in validity and reliability of diagnosis among diagnostic categories. In recent years, some of the personality diagnoses such as narcissistic personality disorder or […]

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dsm-iii-r criteria definition

The DSM-III-R defining features (impaired social interaction, communication, and stereotyped patterns of behavior) are retained in DSM-IV, but the individual items and the overall diagnostic algorithm have been modified to (1) improve clinical utility by reducing the number of items from 16 to 12 and by increasing the clarity of individual items; (2) increase compatibility […]

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DSM criteria for bulimia

The DSM-IV-TR criteria for bulimia nervosa are: recurrent episodes of binge eating recurrent inappropriate compensatory behaviour, such as vomiting after eating, in order to prevent weight gain compensatory behaviours occur, on average, at least twice a week for three months undue influence of weight or shape on self-evaluation. Many people with bulimia feel unattractive, have […]

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borderline personality disorder dsm iv-r diagnosis criteria

Borderline personality disorder DSM-IV-TR defines borderline personality disorder as a pervasive pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image and affect, and marked impulsivity. It begins in early childhood and its key characteristics include five of the following: frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment a pattern of unstable and intense personal relationships characterized by […]

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