Mental health articles

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mental health care

the paradigm for the prevention of child sexual abuse

the paradigm for the prevention of child sexual abuse Programs that target the male sex role and the reduction of offending behavior require a very different paradigm than the current prevention model of introducing occasional programs to children in which they are taught skills to deflect the approaches of offenders. Instead, a proposed paradigm that […]

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How to reduce the prevalence of child sexual abuse

How to reduce the prevalence of child sexual abuse? A far different approach to the prevention of child sexual abuse is needed. Current school-based programs target children by teaching them skills to deflect the approaches of potential offenders. Yet, the literature presented in this book suggests that the current methods of prevention simply do not work. […]

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Issues for infants and children in foster-care

Issues for infants and children in foster-care There are many issues for babies and toddlers who enter the care of the welfare system, which are often unrecognised by the system, the carers or the community at large. They often experience three to four placements in their experience of care, which is the antithesis of what […]

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Alternative care is foster care or adoption

Alternative care is foster care or adoption In the current social context children are not removed from parents lightly. The removal of a child into care is a difficult decision that requires thoughtful consideration of the effect of separation on the infant vis-a-vis careful assessment of the damaging physical, psychological and developmental impacts on the […]

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Therapeutic interventions for high-risk families

Therapeutic interventions for high-risk families Relationship-based therapeutic work with high-risk families can take a number of forms and may be longer term. It takes time to establish a relationship, in particular when, as mentioned previously, these families have suffered disappointment, at least, from various agencies and systems. For the infant mental health worker, the infant–parent […]

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Effect of high-risk environments on infant mental health

Effect of high-risk environments on infant mental health Babies and infants in high-risk environments are at risk of forming disturbed attachments with their primary caregivers because of the unavailability of a consistently nurturing parent. Infants with insecure and disorganised attachments struggle to develop emotional self-regulation, as it is within a secure attachment that the neural […]

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How to access to ante-natal care

How to access to ante-natal care Even when good ante-natal care is available, adolescents are less likely than older pregnant women to use it, especially in the first half of the pregnancy. Obstacles include: • the teenager’s inability to prioritise her health care • the sense of omnipotence that is an integral part of adolescence: […]

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Male and female sex differentiation

Male and female sex differentiation Biological sex may be defined on many levels—ex-determining genes, sex chromosomes, HY sex-determining antigen, gonads, hormones, internal reproductive structures or external genitalia. In some infants, sex cannot be determined as exclusively male or female and complex decisions must be made about sex assignment and surgical intervention. Genetic sex is established […]

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Attachment and brain development

Attachment and brain development Sensitive care promotes growth and the development of self-regulation. Early brain development is promoted by secure attachment. Infants in well-regulated relationships that involve the sharing of positive affective states show optimal brain growth and development. From a neurodevelopmental point of view, the infant’s primary caretaker, usually the mother, and to a […]

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Essential tasks of parenting in the toddler period

Essential tasks of parenting in the toddler period Parenting a toddler is a challenge to any parent. Parents who find the high demands but dependency of the baby enjoyable and rewarding are often nonplussed with the energy, determination and contrariness of the toddler. The common characteristics of the toddler are developmentally determined, not a factor […]

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