Mental health articles

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PTSD

Treatment Interventions for PTSD

How to deal with PTSD Treatment Interventions for PTSD Questions to ask the person who has experienced trauma • What happened? Encourage the person to describe exactly what the traumatic event was. How did it start? What happened to you? Who else was present? What did you do immediately afterwards? These questions will help you […]

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Pharmacological treatment approaches to ptsd

A substantial body of research demonstrated abnormalities in psychobiological systems and function in persons with PTSD. The strongest evidence shows alteration of adrenergic and hypothalamicpituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) mechanisms, elevated physiological reactivity, and sleep disturbances. Many medications have been used to treat specific PTSD symptoms, separately or in combination with psychotherapy. Pharmacological treatments for PTSD have included […]

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Psychodynamic Therapy for ptsd

Psychodynamic Therapy for ptsd Horowitz et al. present a psychodynamic formulation of stress response syndromes characterized by two psychological states; one is typified by intrusive experiences, the other by denial and numbing. Psychodynamic interventions for PTSD tend to focus on tailoring treatment to symptoms and context and thus vary depending on whether the patient is […]

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diagnostic criteria for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder(PTSD)

diagnostic criteria Structured Clinical Interviews There is no definitive diagnostic tool available for making any psychiatric diagnosis, but the clinical interview currently stands as the linchpin of a multiaxial, multimodal assessment protocol. With a goal of improving diagnostic validity and reliability, a number of structured and semistructured clinical interviews have been developed to assess psychological […]

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PTSD of Comorbidity

PTSD of Comorbidity Another key component of the epidemiology of PTSD is its pattern of occurrence with other psychiatric and physical conditions, or comorbidities. Both general population studies and studies of individuals exposed to particular traumas indicate that the experience of other psychiatric disorders is common among individuals with PTSD. For example, in the St. […]

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Prevalence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder(PTSD)

Prevalence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder(PTSD) Epidemiologic studies conducted over the past two decades provided empirical information about the prevalence of PTSD in the general population and among individuals who have been exposed to specific types of potentially traumatic events. This research indicates that most individuals who are exposed to a potential trauma do not develop […]

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Epidemiology of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder(PTSD)

Epidemiology Epidemiology is the study of patterns and correlates of disease onset and course in human populations. Psychiatric epidemiology includes studies of the prevalence of psychiatric disorders (i.e, how many people have specific disorders), the distribution of disorders among subgroups of populations, the relationship of a particular disorder to other disorders, and factors that affect […]

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DSM-IV PTSD Diagnostic Criteria

Current Diagnostic Criteria for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder With the publication of the 4th edition of the DSM, the concept of trauma evolved from focusing on uncommon, highly adverse, external events to describing the specific characteristics of a traumatic event, including the individual’s psychological response to the event regardless of whether the event is rare or […]

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PTSD Case Example

James, a 27-year-old city banker, was caught up in the July 2005 London bombings. He was on an underground tube train near King’s Cross when the train carriage exploded next to where he was sitting. Luckily, James escaped with minor injuries, but he is still disturbed by the sights and sounds that he encountered immediately […]

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What is Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an extreme reaction to witnessing or experiencing a traumatic event in a person’s life and can happen to anybody. The American Psychiatric Association’s (1994) definition of a traumatic event, as cited in Lovell and Richards, suggests that two major issues are present: first, that the events involved actual or threatened […]

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