Mental health articles

OF mental health care and mentally ill

disorder

Effect of parental disorder on infant mental health

Effect of parental disorder on infant mental health Disturbances in early relationships, and interaction between parents with borderline personality disorder and their children, begin in infancy, because of inappropriate reading of infant cues. Some mothers describe feeling estranged, anxious, overwhelmed or even angry with infants from birth. Mothers who have experienced early abuse may be […]

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parents with borderline personality disorder face specific issues

parents with borderline personality disorder face specific issues There is little research on parenting among individuals with borderline personality disorder. However, problems with parenting in this group are often seen clinically, and affect infant development, in particular, the development of infant attachment and later behaviour problems. Mothers with personality disorder face specific issues when they […]

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symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder

symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder Borderline personality disorder has many features in common with Post- Traumatic Stress Disorder as these are described in the DSM-IV (APA, 1994). Individuals who have experienced early abuse may be continue to be distressed by these events into adult life and experience reliving of these episodes in the form of […]

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GENERAL DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA FOR PERSONALITY DISORDER

GENERAL DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA FOR PERSONALITY DISORDER Personality disorder refers to an enduring pattern of inner experience and behaviour that deviates markedly from expectations of the individual’s culture. This pattern is manifested in two (or more) of the following areas: • cognition, that is, ways of perceiving and interpreting self, other people, and events • affectivity, […]

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personality dysfunction disorder

personality dysfunction disorder Personality dysfunction occurs in adults when there has been a disruption to personality development. This has its origin in the early years during crucial periods of personality development, and becomes ingrained as a chronically maladaptive style during adolescence. Personality dysfunction frequently involves disturbed self-experiences, disturbed interpersonal behaviour and maladaptive coping mechanisms. Current […]

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The spectrum of disorder

THE SPECTRUM OF DISORDER Mental illness occurring in the perinatal period includes a spectrum of mild to severe problems from the ‘baby blues’ through to florid psychotic illnesses. In between lies what is often called ‘post-natal depression’ (PND), that is, all the depressive disorders that do not fall within the category of the ‘blues’ or […]

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gender identity disorder in children facts

gender identity disorder in children facts Gender Identity Disorder (GID) in the DSM-IV (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 1994) classification system refers to a strong identification with and preference for the gender role characteristics of the other sex. This is expressed through play, behaviour and verbal statements of a desire to be the other sex. Most […]

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AUTISTIC SPECTRUM DISORDERS

AUTISTIC SPECTRUM DISORDERS In 1943, Leo Kanner first described the triad of features that he named autism: extreme social isolation, severe language abnormalities, and unusual responses to the environment. He believed that it represented some kind of inbuilt deficit. Today autism is defined as a biologically determined disorder (Gillberg & Coleman, 1992), a clinical expression […]

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intervention for children with attachment disorders

The central principles of intervention for children with attachment disorders are based on the need to allow these children to develop an alternative, more secure, attachment relationship to their current carer, a clinician or therapeutic setting. Any attempt to do this should only proceed if the child’s current safety is assured and if there has […]

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Application to attachment disorders

Application to attachment disorders Where an attachment disorder is evident, specialist intervention is required from an experienced clinician. There is relatively scant evidence on effective treatment for established attachment disorders. Issues of intervention are frequently raised in situations where children with adverse early attachment experiences are placed with alternative carers and continue to have difficulties […]

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