Mental health articles

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diagnosis

malaria diagnosis tests

malaria diagnosis tests Anamnesis plays an important role in the diagnosis of malaria. While a connection between fever and malaria is quickly drawn in malaria-endemic regions, diagnosis is much more difficult in areas where Anopheles mosquitoes are not common. When the cause of fever is unclear, physicians should consider malaria as a possibility, especially if their patients have been travelers in tropical […]

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dementia diagnosis and too much stimuli

It is important to establish a diagnosis following a comprehensive assessment in all people with dementia, whatever the type. An assessment should lead to greater understanding of what the individual and their family may need or benefit from, and should assess skills and abilities and not purely determine loss of skills or level of disability. […]

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hypochondriasis diagnosis criteria

hypochondriasis diagnosis criteria Diagnosis It is not presently clear whether hypochondriasis is a true independent, discrete, and cohesive diagnostic category. The scientific examination of hypochondriasis has been problematic for several reasons. First, hypochondriacal patients often present themselves to general medical settings rather than to psychiatric settings. Second, hypochondriasis tends to be a condition that falls […]

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conversion disorder diagnosis code

Diagnostic considerations and terminology used to capture conversion disorder varied over time. In the first edition of the DSM (DSM-I; APA, 1952), conversion reactions were defined as functional symptoms in organs or systems that were believed to be mainly under voluntary control and due to impulses that cause anxiety. Conversion reactions were distinguished from ‘‘dissociative […]

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specific phobia diagnosis code

specific phobias diagnosis The DSM diagnosis of specific phobia refers to a heterogeneous collection of fears and/or avoidance of a broad range of specific objects or situations. Recent attempts to make sense of the heterogeneity centered on trying to identify subgroups of specific phobias that share characteristics. Thus, some researchers distinguished blood and injury fears […]

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dsm diagnosis for social phobia

social phobia diagnosis Social phobia was first identified in the DSM system with the publication of DSM-III, although it had been described clinically by a number of authors well before this time. Social phobia is described as a fear and/or avoidance of situations involving the possibility of scrutiny by others. It is diagnosed reliably and […]

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panic disorder diagnosis dsm iv

panic disorder diagnosis dsm iv Diagnosis In its original conceptualization, agoraphobia was seen as a fear of external situations such as a marketplace. Consequently, much attention has been focused on the phobic (behavioral) aspects of agoraphobia over the years. Before the publication of DSM-III, panic attacks were largely ignored, although panic disorder existed under a […]

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generalized anxiety disorder diagnosis dsm

Generalized Anxiety Disorder Diagnosis In many ways, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) can be considered the basic anxiety disorder. It can be thought of almost as an expression of ‘‘pure’’ high trait anxiety. By definition, GAD is not characterized primarily by a focus on any specific situation or object. Rather, the central characteristic of GAD is […]

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How Do We Consider Culture in Diagnosis and Treatment?

How Do We Consider Culture in Diagnosis and Treatment? Cultural variation (or the lack of cultural variation) in the occurrence and course of mental illness and in the presentation of psychiatric symptoms all have implications for treatment. Most importantly, they highlight aspects of psychotherapy and other psychiatric treatments that may require modification to be effective […]

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dsm-iv diagnosis example

In DSM-IV, the criteria set for schizoaffective disorder ‘‘has been changed to focus on an uninterrupted episode of illness rather than on the lifetime pattern of symptoms’’. Obviously, there are significant differences in validity and reliability of diagnosis among diagnostic categories. In recent years, some of the personality diagnoses such as narcissistic personality disorder or […]

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