Mental health articles

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disorders

Regulatory disorders of infants

Regulatory disorders Regulatory disorders are characterised by the infant’s difficulties in regulating behaviour and physiological, sensory, attentional, motor or affective processes, and in organising a calm, alert or affectively positive state. Common difficulties involve feeding, sleeping and emotional control; for example, a toddler may be fearful or anxious. Parents may be concerned that their child […]

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Physical disorders

Physical disorders Feeding difficulties are frequently associated with neurological, respiratory, cardiac and gastrointestinal conditions, and with anatomical anomalies of the gastrointestinal tract. Neurological conditions affecting arousal, muscle tone and primitive reflex expression can adversely affect the motor control necessary for appropriate oro-motor function, and for swallowing that does not place the infant at risk of […]

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Relationship-based disturbances and disorders

Relationship-based disturbances and disorders When there is no evidence of regulatory involvement in the infant, and information on development and support has not changed the sleep problem, it is important to consider underlying factors in the infant–parent relationship. Unconscious feelings or past experiences of the parents may be influencing separation at sleep times. For example, […]

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Sleeping problems are related to regulatory disorders

Sleeping problems are  related to regulatory disorders Sleeping problems related to getting to sleep or, when woken, getting back to sleep, are often related to difficulties with self-regulation, self-calming and the ability to manage transitions. These usually improve with maturation given a relatively consistent, sensitive and responsive environment. For some babies there can be both […]

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Adjustment disorders of infant

Adjustment disorders An adjustment disorder is where there is a temporary reaction in the infant lasting days or weeks but no longer than four months, and a clearly identifiable environmental event such as the mother returning to work or the family moving house. Well-established sleep patterns can be disturbed as a consequence of change in […]

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defining disorders of attachment

It has long been recognised that infants and children exposed to disturbed and traumatising early care may have long-term difficulties in emotional interaction and relationships. Only recently, however, have there been attempts to describe the mechanisms involved in some of the observed longer term difficulties, or to describe and classify types of attachment disorders. One […]

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Co-occurring Disorders and Medications

Co-occurring Disorders and Medications Alcohol and other drug problems have the uncanny ability to mimic psychiatric disorders, coexist with them, and create them. On the one hand, substance abuse can cause one’s life to become unglued, which naturally can lead to depression or anxiety. And drugs may even induce hallucinations, paranoia, ideas of reference, and […]

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assessment autism spectrum disorders

assessment autism spectrum disorders Over the past forty years various ways have been developed specifically to assist in the diagnosis of autism. Because the cause of autism is unknown, diagnosis relies upon observation and description of the person’s behaviour and history of development. Systematic tools for this have been developed. The diagnosis requires a comprehensive,multi-disciplinary […]

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how to help people with personality disorders

how to help people with personality disorders People with personality disorder show unusual behaviour. They might be emotionally cold and not respond as expected to other people and situations. Often they may hold strange beliefs or suffer from depression. Some may self-harmor have drug or alcohol problems. Some might be in trouble with the police […]

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Legal Protection for Parents With Mental Disorders

Legal Protection for Parents With Mental Disorders The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the ADA Amendments Act of 2008 (ADAAA) are federal laws that may help to protect persons with disabilities (PWDs) against discrimination in the courts as well as in other areas. The ADA and the ADAAA prohibit discrimination based on disability in employment, housing, and […]

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