Mental health articles

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sexual abuse

Conservation of resources theory in sexual abuse

Conservation of resources theory in sexual abuse. A method of considering the response of nonoffending guardians after disclosure is as a response to an extreme stressor. This premise is borrowed from Hobfoll’s (1989, 1991) conservation of resources theory. The underlying tenet of the conservation of resources theory is that “individuals strive to obtain, retain, and […]

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Feminist conceptualization in sexual abuse

Feminist conceptualization in sexual abuse Several papers have reframed the response of nonoffending mothers to the disclosure of their child’s abuse using a feminist-oriented approach (Birns & Meyer, 1993; Cammaert, 1988; Hooper, 1989; McIntyre, 1981 ; Wattenberg, 1985). These and other writers presenting alternate views recognize that a power imbalance exists in families in which […]

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Effect of disclosure on the family in sexual abuse

Effect of disclosure on the family in sexual abuse This section continues the discussion. of the repercussions of the abuse, now concentrating on the deleterious consequences following abuse disclosure. In this section, however, studies are quantitative, and all focus on abuse by the father. The most widely known effect on the family, and perhaps what […]

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Child sexual abuse from the mother’s perspective

Child sexual abuse from the mother’s perspective The literature to this point has been quantitative and from the perspective of the professional attempting to define the experience of nonoffending guardians. This section now shifts the focus to nonoffending mothers as they relate their experiences of finding out about the abuse and reacting to it. A […]

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Mothers of victims of sexual abuse

Mothers of victims of sexual abuse Mothers of victims of sexual abuse, especially those of children abused by their fathers, have taken an historical beating in the clinical literature. Mothers were long assumed to contribute to the initiation of the abuse and to collude in ongoing incest by not reporting the abuse and by maintaining […]

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the paradigm for the prevention of child sexual abuse

the paradigm for the prevention of child sexual abuse Programs that target the male sex role and the reduction of offending behavior require a very different paradigm than the current prevention model of introducing occasional programs to children in which they are taught skills to deflect the approaches of offenders. Instead, a proposed paradigm that […]

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How to reduce the prevalence of child sexual abuse

How to reduce the prevalence of child sexual abuse? A far different approach to the prevention of child sexual abuse is needed. Current school-based programs target children by teaching them skills to deflect the approaches of potential offenders. Yet, the literature presented in this book suggests that the current methods of prevention simply do not work. […]

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Childhood History of Sexual Abuse

Childhood History of Sexual Abuse Several different theories have been advanced to explain the phenomenon of male victims who grow up to sexually abuse, although the themes “can be loosely categorized as either cognitive-behavioral or psychodynamic’’ (Garland & Dougher, 1990, p. 489). Cognitive-behavioral formulations suggest that conditioning or modeling processes are involved. Conditioning might occur […]

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Substance use and sexual abuse

Substance use and sexual abuse The use of alcohol or drugs as a disinhibitor has also received attention, and a number of studies have found evidence of alcohol use in perpetrators. In an early review, Araji and Finkelhor (1986) concluded, “alcohol plays a role in the commission of offenses by some groups of sex abusers” […]

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Offender of child sexual abuse and victim age disparity

Offender of child sexual abuse and victim age disparity The models and typologies presented in the previous section apply mostly to abuse in which offenders seek out much younger victims. These offenders probably experience sociocultural taboos about adult sex with children as inhibitors. This interpretation was forwarded by Finkelhor (1984), who argued that pedophiles had […]

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