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obsessive compulsive disorder

how to treat obsessive compulsive disorder

how to treat obsessive compulsive disorder Obsessive compulsive disorder can be a serious mental health problem and treatment interventions are based on behavioural techniques . The person is encouraged to systematically expose themselves to the specific fears underlying the obsessions while also being encouraged not to respond to the obsessions with compulsive behaviours. For example […]

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obsessive compulsive disorder symptom list

obsessive compulsive disorder symptom list Obsessions are thoughts, images or impulses that come to mind. They may appear irrational and uncontrollable to the person experiencing them.Everyone experiences obsessions from time to time but sometimes they interfere with everyday life. A compulsion is a repetitive act that the person feels they must perform. A person with […]

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A Neurodevelopmental Model of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder?

A Neurodevelopmental Model of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder? Rosenberg and Keshavan recently tried to draw together these various literatures into a neurodevelopmental model of OCD. First, they noted that several lines of evidence suggest that OCD may result from a neurodevelopmental rather than a degenerative process: (1) a number of cases of OCD begin in childhood; (2) […]

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Biochemistry and Neuropharmacology of obsessive compulsive disorder(OCD)

Biochemistry and Neuropharmacology of obsessive compulsive disorder(OCD) Although they are an indirect assessment of brain function, data from biochemical challenge studies and pharmacological treatment outcome studies suggest that the orbital and cingulate cortex may be potential neuroanatomical sites of dysfunction in OCD. Data that address the neurochemistry of OCD have been collected under three conditions: […]

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Biological Contributions to obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)

Biological Contributions to obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) In 1985, Turner, Beidel, and Nathan reviewed the available data that addressed biological factors in obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). Included in the review were genetic and family studies, neurophysiological and neuropsychological studies, neuroanatomical studies, and biochemical and pharmacological studies. Turner et al. concluded that although biological factors correlated […]

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obsessive compulsive disorder epidemiology

obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) Epidemiology The now well-known Epidemiological Catchment Area (ECA) survey conducted during the early 1980s indicated lifetime prevalence rates for OCD of 1.9 to 3.3% in five U.S. communities and an overall rate of 2.5%. These rates were much higher than any previous estimates and were conf irmed by similar epidemiological, albeit […]

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symptom subtypes of obsessive compulsive disorder

Given the wide variety of symptom patterns that may be present in obsessive compulsive disorder, a number of attempts have been made to subclassify the disorder to enhance understanding of its pathophysiology and treatment. Most often, attempts to identify subtypes have been based on the predominant type of rituals reported by the patient. In these […]

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Obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) in children and adolescents

Obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) in children and adolescents shares its clinical features with the disorder as seen in adulthood, although the nature of the obsessions and compulsions may be different. Children may be more prone to magical thinking and may show simpler thoughts and rituals. Unlike in adults, where the symptoms of OCD are recognised as […]

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Diagnosis and Phenomenology of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Diagnosis and Phenomenology Diagnosis of the Disorder Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is one of the most severe and chronic of the anxiety disorders delineated in the current psychiatric nomenclature. It is characterized by the presence of obsessions or compulsions, although the majority of patients report both types of symptoms. An obsession is any recurrent, intrusive thought, […]

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Treatment and management of obsessive-compulsive disorder

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronic condition and needs long-term commitment to its management. Cognitive behavioural therapy, advice on management, involving carers and parents and medication have all shown to be effective. Exposure and response prevention has been shown to be effective in reducing symptoms. Advice to parents about how to respond to their child’s […]

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