Mental health articles

OF mental health care and mentally ill

December, 2013

panic disorder environmental factors

panic disorder Environmental Factors A number of uncontrolled trials have suggested that agoraphobic avoidance (and thus probably the first panic attack) is preceded by a major life event in a majority of subjects. Controlled retrospective trials, however, have not been completely consistent. One study found that panic disorder subjects reported a greater number of stressors […]

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panic disorder genetic factors

panic disorder Genetic and Familial Factors A series of early studies conducted by a group of researchers in Iowa indicated that panic disorder subjects were more likely to have first-degree relatives with panic disorder (or agoraphobia) than nonanxious controls or subjects with other anxiety disorders. Such data have often been cited as evidence for a […]

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Characters That Have Panic Disorder

panic disorder symptoms and Clinical Features Epidemiology.One of the original epidemiological studies found that agoraphobia occurs in 0.6% of the population. More recently, the National Comorbidity Survey reported a lifetime prevalence of 3.5%. The reason for the discrepancy between these studies is more likely attributable to the interviewing techniques and criteria than to any increase […]

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panic disorder diagnosis dsm iv

panic disorder diagnosis dsm iv Diagnosis In its original conceptualization, agoraphobia was seen as a fear of external situations such as a marketplace. Consequently, much attention has been focused on the phobic (behavioral) aspects of agoraphobia over the years. Before the publication of DSM-III, panic attacks were largely ignored, although panic disorder existed under a […]

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generalized anxiety disorder treatment study

Psychological Techniques.Psychological treatment of anxiety disorders has involved broadly similar techniques, where only the specific content differs. The main techniques used include relaxation, cognitive restructuring, and exposure. For GAD, most successful treatments used a combination of relaxation and cognitive restructuring because the seeming lack of response to external cues has made in vivo exposure seem […]

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Articles On Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Neurobiological Factors and generalized anxiety disorder There is little research into the biological factors associated with generalized anxiety disorder specifically, although a large body of work has examined the role of biological factors in anxiety generally. The majority of the biochemical work has centered on the role of the benzodiazepine receptor complex. Discovery of a […]

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Psychological Causes of Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Psychological Factors Given the fact that a tendency to worry excessively is one of the main defining features of generalized anxiety disorder, there has been a wealth of research during the past few years to better understand this phenomenon. According to Borkovec and colleagues, worry serves as a type of avoidance purpose and allows individuals […]

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Etiology of generalized anxiety disorder

Etiology and Maintenance of generalized anxiety disorder Genetic and Familial Factors.Family studies of generalized anxiety disorder indicated that these patients were more likely to have a first-degree relative with generalized anxiety disorder than subjects with panic disorder or no anxiety disorder. Of course, family studies are inf luenced by both genetic and environmental factors. Twin […]

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generalized anxiety disorder symptoms dsm iv

generalized anxiety disorder Clinical Features Epidemiology.Probably because of the ‘‘normality’’ of Generalized Anxiety Disorder, it is difficult to obtain estimates of its prevalence and incidence because such estimates are likely to be very dependent on minor definitional differences. Nevertheless, several studies in recent years have indicated that Generalized Anxiety Disorder is one of the more […]

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generalized anxiety disorder diagnosis dsm

Generalized Anxiety Disorder Diagnosis In many ways, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) can be considered the basic anxiety disorder. It can be thought of almost as an expression of ‘‘pure’’ high trait anxiety. By definition, GAD is not characterized primarily by a focus on any specific situation or object. Rather, the central characteristic of GAD is […]

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