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OF mental health care and mentally ill

relaxation training for mental retardation

Relaxation training

Relaxation training involves learning specific exercises and techniques to lessen

both physical and mental tension. A range of relaxation techniques are used by mental health professionals and are taught on both an individual and group basis.

The most widely used techniques can be categorised as follows:

Physiological techniques

• progressive muscular relaxation

• contrast muscular relaxation

• simple physiological relaxation

• biofeedback

Meditative techniques

• the relaxation response

Hypnotic/suggestive techniques

• autogenic training

• visualisation – guided/unguided

Modified Relaxation Techniques

• cue controlled relaxation

• Alexander technique and differential relaxation.

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