Mental health articles

OF mental health care and mentally ill

relaxation training for mental retardation

Relaxation training

Relaxation training involves learning specific exercises and techniques to lessen

both physical and mental tension. A range of relaxation techniques are used by mental health professionals and are taught on both an individual and group basis.

The most widely used techniques can be categorised as follows:

Physiological techniques

• progressive muscular relaxation

• contrast muscular relaxation

• simple physiological relaxation

• biofeedback

Meditative techniques

• the relaxation response

Hypnotic/suggestive techniques

• autogenic training

• visualisation – guided/unguided

Modified Relaxation Techniques

• cue controlled relaxation

• Alexander technique and differential relaxation.

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