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CBT Interventions for PTSD

The information processing model has yielded a productive, theoretically grounded approach to research into the clinical efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for PTSD.

CBT approaches to treating PTSD include exposure therapy, cognitive therapy, cognitive processing therapy, stress inoculation training, systematic desensitization, assertiveness training, and biofeedback and relaxation training. To date, exposure therapy is the most rigorously evaluated intervention for PTSD. Exposure treatment methods involve confronting fearful stimuli associated with the traumatic memories within the context of a stable therapeutic relationship. The process of exposure therapy for PTSD involves having the patient experience the arousal associated with the traumatic event through imagery or in vivo exposure exercises and intentionally maintaining the arousal until it diminishes.

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