Mental health articles

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Bipolar Disorder

Pregnancy Risks of Bipolar Disorder

Pregnancy Risks of Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder in women during pregnancy, whether treated or not, was associated with increased risks of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Studies show that pregnant women with bipolar disorder were more likely to have low birth weight infants and preterm births than pregnant women with no history of mental illness. Women with […]

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bipolar disorder in women relationships

bipolar disorder in women relationships Though most studies do not associate an increase in antenatal manic episodes relative to nonpregnant counterparts, childbirth has long been established as the precipitant in over one out of four manic episodes.A recent observational study showed that in women having first episodes of mania/ psychosis postdelivery, the rate of subsequent […]

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People with Bipolar Disorder

BIPOLAR DEPRESSION The other form of depression, known as bipolar (or manic) depression, will now bediscussed. This is where the person has manic episodes as well as those of severedepression; so the person can go through a range of moods from severe depressionto extreme elation. The mood of a person in a manic state will […]

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Case study: first onset of bipolar disorder

Case study: Mark – a 24-year-old with first onset of bipolar disorder. Mark was a final-year medical student when he experienced his first and, to date, only episode of mania. He was 24 years of age and was studying for his f inal examinations. As Mark approached his finals, he began working longer and longer […]

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Bipolar Disorder Case Study Examples

Case study: Jean – a 34-year-old with dysthymia and depressive episodes. Jean is a 34-year-old woman who has experienced dysthymia, that is, persistent low mood, for most of her adult life. However, over the last five years this has become particularly distressing and her mood has often deepened to include long spells of disabling depression. […]

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Symptoms Diagnosis Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder or manic depression as it is sometimes known, is a disorder which, as its name suggests, consists of two categories of symptoms: depressive symptoms which are described in the first part of this chapter, and mania, that is periods of exaggerated mood, euphoria and psychotic episodes. The other key feature which needs to […]

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Cognitive behavioural treatment for bipolar disorder

The biological model of bipolar disorder has been dominant for some years, and it is only recently that attempts to change the course of the disorder using cognitive behavioural methods have been attempted. The main psychotherapeutic approach has involved the use of psychoeducational programmes to prepare people to cope with relapse. In one evaluation of […]

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Lithium Alternatives for Bipolar Disorder

Treatment of bipolar disorder about Lithium therapy. Standard antidepressants are typically not used in the treatment of bipolar disorder, as they may provoke rapid mood swings rather than stabilize mood. Instead, lithium bicarbonate is the main treatment of choice to minimize mood swings. Lithium typically achieves this within 5 to 14 days in about 60 […]

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Psychological Causes of Bipolar Disorder

Psychoanalysts view mania as an extreme defence mechanism to counter unpleasant emotional states or unacceptable impulses. Katan, for example, suggested that as periods of mania frequently follow states of depression, the conflct in mania may be of a similar nature to that in depression. People who pass from depression into mania maintain their preoccupation with […]

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Genetic Causes of Bipolar Disorder and Biological Causes of Bipolar Disorder

 Genetic Causes of Bipolar Disorder An early review of the genetics of bipolar disorder by Allenreported overall concordance rates for MZ twins of 72 per cent, while concordance rates for DZ twins averaged 14 per cent. More recently, these estimates have been reduced to 40 per cent and between 5 and 10 per cent respectively. […]

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